This is essentially the same bug as
CORE-8444. After installing ROS on a eMachines eTower 500id, it boots straight to a blue screen of death with the error No GRAPHICS_DEVICE found. The graphics card is integrated into the motherboard in an intel 82810 Graphics and Memory Controller Hub (GMCH) chip. This is the relevant motherboard manual page:
This appears to be the driver for it:
I just tested with this version of ROS:
I reach the boot menu but I don't reach the desktop.
I'm not sure if this helps, but FWIW I've noticed that Puppy Linux is able to render a GUI desktop, while antiX and Tiny Core Linux are not.
CORE-8444 err: No GRAPHICS_DEVICE found